Scientists believe that they have now found one of the Universe’s First Galaxy ever and it is almost as old as the Big Bang itself. They noted that there is only one other, slightly older and more distant object like this that is known.
UMass Amherst astronomers commissioned the Large Millimeter Telescope (LMT), in Mexico
And it was discovered by Astronomers at UMass Amherst and in Mexico. They used the powerful Large Millimeter Telescope (LMT), which is located on top of a 15,000-foot extinct volcano in Mexico’s central state of Puebla. The $200 million telescope is nearly as tall as a 16-story building. “The LMT is a bridge to our understanding of the universe,” says Grant Wilson, a professor of astronomy who designed and built the telescope’s sophisticated camera system.
Big Bang Formed 13.7 Billions Years Ago
“This new object is very close to being one of the first galaxies ever to form,” said astrophysicist Min Yunof the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, who was a co-author of a new study published Monday in Nature Astronomy, a peer-reviewed British journal.
“The Big Bang happened 13.7 billion years ago, and now we are seeing this galaxy from 12.8 billion years ago, so it was forming within the first billion years after the Big Bang,” Yun said in a statement. “Seeing an object within the first billion years is remarkable because the universe was too hot and too uniform to form anything for the first 400 million years. So our best guess is that the first stars and galaxies and black holes all formed within the first half a billion to 1 billion years.”
The galaxy, named G09 83808, was found with the powerful Large Millimeter Telescope (LMT), provides insight into the birth and evolution of the universe, according to UMass. The LMT is operated jointly by UMass and Mexico’s National Institute of Astrophysics, Optics and Electronics.
“This result is not a surprise, because this is what the LMT was built to do, but we are very excited,” Yun said and added, “we can find really, really faint things. They are essentially at the very edge of the universe.”